Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Understanding the Roles Characters Play in Literature Every great story has great characters. But what makes a great character? The main character is central to a story and needs to be Ã¢â¬Å"roundÃ¢â¬ or complex, with depth and distinctive qualities. A cast of supporting characters can be of various types- even Ã¢â¬Å"flatÃ¢â¬ or uncomplicated ones, who nonetheless help move the story along. Definition A character is an individual (usually a person) in a narrativeÃ in a work of fiction or creative nonfiction.Ã The act or method of creating a character in writing is known as characterization. In British author E.M. Forsters 1927 Ã¢â¬Å"Aspects of the Novel,Ã¢â¬ Forster made a broad yet worthwhile distinction between flat and round characters. A flat (or two-dimensional) character embodies Ã¢â¬Å"a single idea or quality.Ã¢â¬ This character type, Forster wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"can be expressed in one sentence.Ã¢â¬ In contrast, a round character responds to change: he or she Ã¢â¬Å"is capable of surprising [readers] in a convincing way,Ã¢â¬ Forster wrote. In certain forms of nonfiction, particularly biographies and autobiographies, a single character may serve as the primary focus of the text. Etymology The word character comes from the Latin word meaning mark, distinctive qualityÃ¢â¬ and ultimately from the Greek word that means scratch, engrave. Observations on Character In Ã¢â¬Å"Essentials of the Theory of Fiction,Ã¢â¬ Michael J. Hoffman and Patrick D. Murphy wrote: Ã¢â¬Å"If, in a sense, theÃ flat characterÃ embodies an idea or quality, then the round character encompasses many ideas and qualities, undergoing change and development, as well as entertaining different ideas and characteristics.Ã¢â¬ (Michael J. Hoffman and Patrick D. Murphy, Essentials of the Theory of Fiction, 2nd ed. Duke University Press, 1999) Mr. Spock as a Round Character Ã¢â¬Å"Mr. Spock, my favorite character in Ã¢â¬ËStar Trek,Ã¢â¬â¢ was James T. KirkÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend and one of the most interesting characters ever written for television. Spock was a Vulcan-human hybrid who struggled for many years with his dual heritage before he finally found peace through acceptance of both parts of his heritage.Ã¢â¬ (Mary P.Ã Taylor, Star Trek: Adventures in Time and Space, Pocket Books, 1999) ThackerayÃ¢â¬â¢s Description of Lord Steyne Ã¢â¬Å"The candles lighted up Lord SteyneÃ¢â¬â¢s shining bald head, which was fringed with red hair. He had thick bushy eyebrows, with little twinkling bloodshot eyes, surrounded by a thousand wrinkles. His jaw was underhung, and when he laughed, two white buck-teeth protruded themselves and glistened savagely in the midst of the grin. He had been dining with royal personages, and wore his garter and ribbon. A short man was his lordship, broad-chested, and bow-legged, but proud of the fineness of his foot and ankle, and always caressing his garter-knee.Ã¢â¬ (William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, 1847Ã¢â¬â48) Narrator as a Character in the Personal Essay Ã¢â¬Å"[In a personal essay], the writer needs to build herself into a character. And I use the word character much the same way the fiction writer does. E.M. Forster, in Ã¢â¬ËAspects of a Novel,Ã¢â¬â¢ drew a famous distinction between Ã¢â¬ËflatÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËroundÃ¢â¬â¢Ã characters- between those fictional personages seen from the outside who acted with the predictable consistency of caricatures, and those whose complexities or teeming inner lives we come to know. ... The art of characterization comes down to establishing a pattern of habits and actions for the person you are writing about and introducing variations into the system. ...The point is to begin to take inventory of yourself so that you can present that self to the reader as a specific, legible character. ...TheÃ need thus exists to make oneself into a character, whether the essay uses a first- or third-person narrative voice. I would further maintain that this process of turning oneself into a character is not self-absorbed navel-gazing. But rather a potential release from narcissism. It means you have achieved sufficient distance to begin to see yourself in the round: a necessary precondition to transcending the ego- or at least writing personal essays that can touch other people.Ã¢â¬ (Phillip Lopate, Ã¢â¬Å"Writing Personal Essays: On the Necessity of Turning Oneself Into a Character.Ã¢â¬ Writing Creative Nonfiction, edited by Carolyn ForchÃ © and Philip Gerard, Story Press, 2001) Details of Character Ã¢â¬Å"To achieve a fully dimensional character, fictional or real, a writer must watch people closely, much more closely than the average person would. He or she looks especially for anything unusual or distinct about the person or persons involved but does not ignore what is ordinary and typical. The writer then reports, in as interesting a way as possible, these poses, posturings, habitual gestures, mannerisms, appearances, glances. Not that the writer limits observations to these, but these frequently appear in creative nonfiction writing.Ã¢â¬ (Theodore A. Rees Cheney, Writing Creative Nonfiction: Fiction Techniques for Crafting Great Nonfiction, Ten Speed Press, 2001) Composite Characters in Nonfiction Ã¯ » ¿Ã¢â¬Å"The use of a composite character is a dubious device for the writer of nonfiction because it hovers in a gray region between reality and invention, but if it is employed the reader should be made aware of the fact early.Ã¢â¬ (William Ruehlmann, Stalking the Feature Story, Vintage Books, 1978)
Monday, February 24, 2020
Industrialization - Essay Example The foundation of all Marxist leads to the analysis of political parties that formed in the early years in the British history. According to Marxists, the foundation of the Major political parties in Britain was based on the economic status of the society by then. The major aim of the political parties was to address the major issues affecting the life of the common people in the society. Politics of one class of people were being fought by all means and it was all aimed at ensuring equity in the places of work. There came to the formation of the Marxists in the early years. This brought the major political parties we have today in Britain. These are the; Tory Party, the Labour Party and the Liberal Party (Daub 2005). The three major parties have not been seen to antagonize with the Marxist thesis rather they conform it. Marx revealed the driving forces of history in order to facilitate the making of history. In the course of the struggle between the classes, some acquire or lose coh esion and confidence. Thus political parties act as a weapon in the struggle between classes. In his argument Marx argued that there was a rising tension and disagreement between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. According to Marx, the proletariats were being exploited by the capitalists who were the bourgeoisie. The exploitation being experienced by the proletariat was based on the wealth that was being created and being enjoyed by the bourgeoisie. This major source of the tension being experienced by the two groups was on the economic exploitation where the working had little share of what they produced. The materials produced in the factories could be sold at a price higher than the workersÃ¢â¬â¢ wages. This meant that the workers who were mainly the proletariat could work in the factories but could not afford to build the items they produced due to the low wages (Barry 2005). The antagonism that Marx described was based on the wealth superiority. The oppressors wanted to ac quire all the wealth that was being made by the proletariats. This was the major cause of the tension between the two groups. Riots would arise as the oppressed advocated for the equal treatment of the two groups. There arose a revolution aimed at overthrowing the oppressors together with their supporters (Milkovinch 2010). According to Marx, he believed that capitalism was the destructor of the peace between the two major groups. He went on to describe in depth how the wealth being enjoyed by the bourgeoisies was a result of the hard work of the proletariat who were the main workers in the factories. In his observation, Marx argued that this antagonism would lead to a revolution that could be aimed at the oppressors who were the bourgeoisies. The rising competition among the two groups makes the commercial crisis get to a bad state. The increased rioting has been attributed to the oppression by the bourgeoisie (Daub 2005). Marx states that the exploitation of this group of people w ould lead to intensified resentment causing more hatred. A revolution would arise that would lead to the overthrow of the capitalists and their external supporters. However the situation that Marx described seems to have faded today. This is because there are groups that strongly advocate for the equal treatment of all classes of people in the society. There are some who stage their claims and strongly defend the working class calling for meaningful wages. The issue of one group dominating and
Saturday, February 8, 2020
What Math Should I Learn in College to Read CS Papers?What path should I learn in college to read CS papers? College students who are considering their CS major should consider this for a few reasons. There are so many other options, and it is far better to be prepared when CS (Computer Science) papers begin to arrive.In high school, most students are being taught advanced math. They are being made to understand how to solve equations, and they are being made to know how to figure out the relationships between variables. Learning advanced math in high school has not yet caught up with the rising demand for graduates.However, the demand for CS graduates will continue to rise. This has opened the door for other math majors to get in on the game. So, what path should I learn in college to read CS papers? The answer is different for each student.The primary issue is how the student feels about his or her math abilities. If you feel that you do not have the ability to do something at all, you will not be able to study that much math. In fact, you will probably just pass on your CS degree.If you feel that you can do a little math, but that you need to add more, then you can learn a lot more math by reading CS papers. You can work with mathematics in a completely different way, and this will make a huge difference in the kind of job that you end up getting.Many college students who are thinking about their CS major will be quite surprised to find out that some of the best jobs in their field require very little math. In fact, if you are preparing for a job interview, you will want to know what math to learn in college to read CS papers.As an employer, you will appreciate having someone who has not only the correct knowledge but also has also studied enough math to really know what they are talking about. Your hiring manager will find it a great asset.
Friday, February 7, 2020
Read, summarize, and analyze news items about insects, spiders, or mites - Essay Example Environmental scientists are making every effort to find out the possible causes and save the dying honey bees. A similar article Ã¢â¬Å"Honeybee virus: Varroa mite spreads lethal diseaseÃ¢â¬ published by Victoria Gill in the BBC Nature highlights one of the important factors responsible for wiping out the honey bee populations (Gill 2012). Honey bees are an important part of our ecosystem and contribute in a significant manner to the environment that is beneficial to the human beings. Honey bees play their role primarily as pollinators and are helpful to the thriving agriculture. As pollinators, they are responsible for over 130 different fruits and vegetable crops that we eat (Kulwicki 2012). Hence, without the honey bees the important process of pollination will be majorly affected, causing the crop industry to encounter a huge collapse. Not just the agriculture, the decline of the honey beesÃ¢â¬â¢ population also affects the economy conspicuously. The cost of many crops has increased because of the decreasing honey bees. Ã¢â¬Å"This basic supply and demand tilt has already impacted the over $15 billion dollar industryÃ¢â¬ (Kulwicki 2012). Therefore, the decline in the significant pollinators i.e. honey bees not only the agriculture produce per year will be affected but the economic impact will also be very upsetting. The author of the article has reported about a scientific team studying about the honey beesÃ¢â¬â¢ death in Hawaii. The scientists have been studying the death of honeybees caused by a viral disease and have come to a conclusion after their research and investigative study that the Varroa mite is the vector for the deathly virus. According to the scientists, the Varroa mite is the parasitic mite that spreads the lethal virus strain among the honey bees, resulting in a disease called deforming wing virus (Gill 2012). This was an important breakthrough in the research of the causative factors of honeybee death. The Varroa mite specifica lly incubates the fatal form of the disease and directly injects it into the blood of the honey bees resulting in their death (Gill 2012). Dr. Stephen Martin, the head of the scientistsÃ¢â¬â¢ team, studied the honey bees in Hawaii where the Varroa mite was transferred from the Californian state approximately five years back. The interesting and helping aspect was that, some honeybeesÃ¢â¬â¢ colonies in the Hawaiian Islands were still untouched from the fatal effects of the Varroa virus. Hence, the team was provided with a natural laboratory environment within the Hawaiian Islands where they had both the infected and non-infected honey bees. The team monitored both groups of the honey bee colonies for two years to observe the effects of the virus and type of viruses that were responsible for the death (Gill 2012). The outcomes exhibited the relationship between the Varroa mite and the deadly strains of the virus infecting the honey bees. It was evident after the detailed monitorin g that the fatal strain of the virus was chosen by the mites as the other strains of the same virus were not harmful in any way to the honey bees. According to Dr. Martin, an infected-honey bee contains a vast number of viruses within itself and the honey bee and viruses both are adapted to each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s presence and no harmful outcome appears. However, the Varroa-infected honey bee
Thursday, February 6, 2020
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Wednesday, February 5, 2020
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate - an in Depth Anaylsis on What Works and What Doesnt
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate - an in Depth Anaylsis on What Works and What Doesn't What You Need to Know About a Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate Future researchers have to be able to verify your research till they base their own work on your conclusions. If you're destined to earn a discovery, you are going to be right at home at GW. Essentially, it's a portion of product research. Otherwise, since the research shows, the consequences might be negative. What You Should Do to Find Out About a Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate Before You're Left Behind It's daunting to begin a PhD. A great researcher, therefore, needs to make an exhaustive review of related literature which will help clarify the problem. Smith, The very first, 220-221. 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Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Coffee and Starbucks Essay Starbucks has been the most successful coffee chain using their aggressive expansion strategies to surpass its competitors. Through its expansion, Starbucks has focused on creating a dense network of stores all around US, while also opening up new locations all around the world. However, StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ aggressive expansion strategies have posed major threats to its financial health such as tight cashflows, increase debts, poor liquidity ratios and etc. In addition, this approach can exacerbate competition among close Starbucks stores. Due to the aggressive expansion, Starbucks has lost its internal focus in its core business coffee and its unique Ã¢â¬Å"Starbucks Experience Ã¢â¬â third placeÃ¢â¬ . The issues are how Starbucks can stay profitable in the future and at the same time sustain its dominant position in the gourmet coffee industry. We have examined the industry analysis that focuses on the industry trends, the firm competitive environment and followed by a SWOT analysis on Starbucks. Finally, we look at the company strategy analysis that focuses on the StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ strategic intent and its strategic position. From these analyses, we recommend a few options where Starbucks should pursue moving forward in order to avoid further decline and sustain its dominant position. .:Company Background History:. Starbucks Coffee, Tea and Spice was established in 1971 by Jerry Baldwin, Zey Siegel and Gordon Bowker in Seattle to sell roasted coffee beans and coffee machines. (See Exhibit 1 for timeline) At that time, the foundersÃ¢â¬â¢ philosophy was to provide high quality coffee and educate the public the art of appreciating fine coffee. It was the foundersÃ¢â¬â¢ passion and strong commitment on educating the public that attracted Howard Schultz to join Starbucks in 1982 as the head of the marketing department, overseeing the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s retail stores. On one of his business trips to Milan, Italy, Schultz stumbled upon an opportunity to revamp Starbucks and shift its focus from its original business activities. SchultzÃ¢â¬â¢s new business proposition for Starbucks was to serve freshly brewed coffee at their outlets which he sold to the founders without success. After many unsuccessful attempts, he left the Company. In 1987, Schultz acquired Starbucks from the founders and changed its name to the more abbreviated Ã¢â¬ËStarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ and modified her logo to what we see today. After the acquisition, he introduced the idea of Ã¢â¬ËThe Starbucks experienceÃ¢â¬â¢ to all StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ outlets; that is to create a comfortable atmosphere for patrons to relax. From then on, every Starbucks outlet was the perfect duplicate of this concept. In 1992, Starbucks had launched an IPO and its common stock was being traded on the Nasdaq. In 1995, Starbucks venture overseas and formed a joint venture with SAZABY Inc to open Starbucks stores in Japan. In 1996, Starbucks first oversea outlet was opened in Tokyo. Today, Starbucks has a total of 7,087 Company operated stores and 4,081 License stores in US. Additionally, it has 1,796 Company operated stores and 2,792 Joint Venture and License store operating in other 43 countries. .:Definition of the Industry, Competitors and Scope of Analysis: Generally, Starbucks is in the Food and Beverages industry. However for the purpose of this paper, we would define Starbucks to be in the gourmet coffee industry with the following competitors : Ã¢â¬ ¢Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf; Ã¢â¬ ¢Costa Coffee; Ã¢â¬ ¢Caribou Coffee (See Exhibit 2 for a brief write up on reasons for the choice of these competitors and some background information of them) For the purpose of this paper, our analysis will be focusing on Starbucks in US and Australia. The next section provides an overview of the gourmet coffee industry and the competitive environment in US and Australia. .:Overview of the Industry:. .:Political Forces:. Generally both the US and the Australia political situation appeared to be well established and stable. This will provide a good platform for both current businesses and new businesses to operate in. In US, despite the current verge of recession, the political mood is still likely to favour increased regulation of businesses. In addition, even though international tensions are likely to remain but their impact on political stability and economy will remain minimal. Similarly in Australia, the political climate is likely to remain relatively stable. Although the relationship between the federal government and the states had been rocky in the past; it has improved after the introduction of a more stable formula for revenue distribution. .:Economical Forces:. US: Real economic growth is expected to slow from an estimated 4% in 2008 to 3. 8% in 2009. The modest slowdown reflects the impact of lower demand from its trading partner. As these exists imbalances in the economy and the poor short-term outlook for growth, it is assumed that conditions in the US are now recessionary and that growth will remain very weak in 2009. This will in turn affect the GDP and the disposable income of its residents. Australia: Traditionally, rapid growth in Australia has been slowdown recently due to recession. Improved monetary and fiscal management have reduced macroeconomic volatility, but risks and imbalances are present. The low domestic savings rate renders the banking system dependant on foreign financing. The current account deficit is large, and international financial markets may start to worry about the underlying causes. Bubble conditions also seem to exist in the housing market. .:Socio-cultural Forces: ConsumersÃ¢â¬â¢ Perceptions and Disposable Income:. US: There had been an increase in coffee consumption in the US market though the rate had slowed down in 2005 posing threats to coffee retailers. Recently, US consumers had increasingly opt for healthier hot drinks such as tea and RTD beverages which affect coffee consumption rate. The trend is likely to continue, leading to decline in coffee consumption. Australia: Coffee sales had experienced quite lukewarm growth from 2000 to 2005. The culture of cafe had caused more people to opt for on-trade sales coffee at the cafe instead of home-brewed coffee. According to BIS Shrapnel, people increasingly tend to go to cafes for their coffee and there is an increase of 50% within 2 years in coffee consumption. .:Technological Forces: Technological Developments:. Technological changes have created many new products and processes. It helps to reduce costs, improve quality and lead to innovations which in turn benefits consumers as well as organizations. Many organizations in the gourmet coffee industry had recognized the importance of providing wireless internet access and Wi-Fi hotspots to its patrons. These technology advances had created a leisure place for patrons to surf net or hang out after home and work. Most of the organizations had also introduced automated coffee machines to speed up the brewing process so as to shorten waiting time. To further improve business operations and efficiency, some organizations have also make use of information technology systems to help them run their businesses more smoothly. .:Environmental Forces:. With major climate changes occurring due to global warming, many organizations in the gourmet coffee industry had increased their environment awareness by reduced the usage of disposable cups to serve coffee and increased the use of ceramic mugs. Furthermore, the organizations had also reduced the size of their paper napkins, paper bags and in store garbage bags. The organizations were also encouraged to purchase Fairtrade certified coffees so as to promote responsible environmental and economic efforts. The following section presents our analysis of gourmet coffee industry with the aid of Michael Porters 5 Forces model. .: Analysis of Gourmet Coffee Industry- Porter 5 Forces:. Please refer to exhibit 3 for the criteria used for the scoring of each forces and an analysis of each forces. Force #1: Threat of New Entry:. Ã¢â¬ ¢Threat of new entry is high. Ã¢â¬ ¢High start up cost involved in purchasing equipments, sourcing for coffee beans and training barista. Ã¢â¬ ¢Strong brand identity leading to high switching cost for consumers Score: 10 Force #2: Threat of Substitutes:. Ã¢â¬ ¢Substitutes are gourmet coffee of a different brand Ã¢â¬ ¢Current gourmet coffee industries is saturated Ã¢â¬ ¢High switching cost. Ã¢â¬ ¢Threat of substitutes considered to be relatively high Score: 6 Force #3: Bargaining Power of Suppliers:. Ã¢â¬ ¢Majority of commercially available coffee beans come from a few industrializes countries. Ã¢â¬ ¢Increase the cost of coffee houses in sourcing and gaining access to these high quality coffee beans. Ã¢â¬ ¢Bargaining power of suppliers is relatively high Score: 5 Force #4: Bargaining Power of ConsumersÃ¢â¬ ¢Bargaining power of customers is relatively neutral. Ã¢â¬ ¢Current player gained brand loyalty Ã¢â¬ ¢Product differentiation helps to retain current customer and attract new customers. Ã¢â¬ ¢However price sensitive customers might seek for cheaper alternative. Score: 0 Force #5: Rivalry between Competitors:. Ã¢â¬ ¢Intensity of rivalry is moderate. Ã¢â¬ ¢Brand identity and high switching cost is relatively unfavorable to new player that has just entered the market. Score: 3 Conclusion:From the above analysis, we noted that the threat of new entry, the bargaining power of the supplier and threat of substitutes are relatively high. On the other hand the bargaining power of the consumers is neutral and the intensity of rivalry is moderate. Hence from the above.